The story of aerial combat is a thrilling saga of innovation and bravery, charting the journey from the fragile biplanes of the early 20th century to the advanced, stealthy fighter jets of today. This evolution is a testament to human ingenuity and the relentless pursuit of advancement in military technology. From the dogfights of World War I, where pilots maneuvered basic aircraft in close combat, to the high-speed, radar-evading jets equipped with precision-guided munitions of the modern era, aerial combat has undergone a dramatic transformation. In this introduction, we explore the milestones of this evolution, highlighting how each era's breakthroughs in technology and tactics have shaped the face of air warfare.